There are three basic programming concepts.
These are assignment (ie a=5, a=5+3, etc), test (ie if a=5) and jump.
The jump is necessary so that you can have loops, of which there are only three types.
Those are pre-test (while), post-test (repeat) and indexed (for).
This fully covers all af the elements that you need for writing any serial program. You need a few more for parallel programs, but then you would expect that.
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last modified 15:59 2006/03/08